Bees produce different products that are very useful to man: honey, propolis, wax, royal jelly and bee venom. Next we will see each of them and get to know the raw and pure honey.


Raw and pure honey from bees

Raw and pure honey is a natural product made from plants through bees. The food source can be obtained in two ways:

The nectar produced by the flowers of the plants

By the substances exuded by insects and bites, the so-called myelates.
The bees collect the nectar from the flowers or the myelate from the trees, which they mix with their saliva, fluidizing it and enriching it with their own enzymes, biochemical catalysts that transform the sugars of origin into honey. The pecorating bee fills its stomach, and once it is full, it goes back to the hive and distributes the collected material to the rest of the worker bees.

The collected nectar or myelate is transmitted between the worker bees until all the sugars of origin are transformed. After the transformation of sugars, the honey is deposited in the cells of the hive to concentrate its content and lower its water content. Once it reaches a moisture concentration of over 17 %, the cell is sealed, i.e. closed.


Composition of raw and pure honey:

The composition of the honey depends on numerous factors, the most important of which are: nectar or myelate species collected, soil conditions of the source, race of bees, state of health of the hive, time of year, etc..

In general, honey from honeydew (heather honey, forest honey, holm oak, oak…) are dark honeys with a high concentration of minerals and with a higher fructose content than glucose and levule, than light honeys, which come from the nectar of flowers (orange blossom honey, rosemary, thyme, eucalyptus…). The latter are richer in glucose and antioxidants.

The composition of honey can be divided into two groups; the major elements that make up about 95 to 99% of the dry matter of honey, and the minor components, the rest.

The major components are: glucose (31%), fructose (38%), maltose and sucrose (10%).

Minor components: organic acids, amino acids and proteins, enzymes (glucose invertase, glucose oxidase, amylases α and β from bee saliva, large amounts of vitamins, carotenoid pigments, flavonoids and minerals.


Properties of raw and pure honey:

Honey is a completely natural product with enormous medicinal and dietary properties. A food that everyone should eat daily. Among the most important properties, we can name the following:

Honey heals or reduces intestinal problems, stomach ulcers, help you sleep, constipation, sore throats.

It is an important source of energy and gives muscle vigor.
In its external use, it is ideal for healing burns, wounds. Its high sugar content and the glucose-oxidase enzyme cause the release of hydrogen peroxide and low water content, providing bactericidal and antiseptic conditions.

Pollen:

Pollen are microscopic grains produced by flowering plants. They are enclosed in pollen sacks of stamens, the male part of the flower. They are a source of food that bees collect and use to feed their hives.

Pollen composition:

Bee pollen is pollen that has undergone a transformation by bees, which consists of covering the pollen of plants with substances produced by the bees themselves.

Pollen is a very important source of food and contains the following nutrients:

Aamino acids: among them, the most interesting are glutamic acid, aspartic acid, leucine and lysine.
Carbohydrates: sugars, starch, pectin, etc.Lipids:
Minerals: K, Na, Ca, Mg, N, P, S, Al, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Ti, Zn, etc.
Resins and sterols
Vitamins: B.C.D.E. and provitamin A
Enzymes and antioxidants.

General properties of pollen

Pollen is one of the most complete foods that nature provides us with. Human beings would have all their nutritional needs covered if they fed on pollen and water alone.

Here are the more general benefits of pollen:

Regulates intestinal functions. Very suitable for people with constipation and people suffering from chronic diarrhoea
Ideal for anemic people with elevated hemoglobin levels
For overweight people, by containing lecithin it causes an increase in the feeling of satiety, and therefore help reduce food intake.
Reduces the risk of cancer

Wax:

Wax is a substance produced by bees themselves and is secreted by the wax glands of young workers.

Wax consists of a mixture of fatty substances: hydrocarbons, esters and long chain acids.

Wax is very useful in the manufacture of cosmetic products and candles.

Bee venom

Bee venom is a substance that worker bees and queens possess as a defensive mechanism and is secreted by the acid gland.

The composition of bee venom is very varied, consisting mainly of: water (88%), amino acids, phospholipids and carbohydrates (20% of dry matter), amines ( 2% of dry matter), polypeptides, and enzymes.

Bee venom is being used very effectively in treatments for rheumatoid arthritis and beauty treatments.

The propolis

The origin of propolis is mainly of vegetable origin. These are viscous, waterproof gums or resins from tree buds that are collected by worker bees. Bees use these resins to plug holes, fissures and cover intrusive organisms that they cannot remove from their hives.

The composition of propolis consists of a mixture of resinous substances produced by the trees, wax secreted by the bees themselves, pollen and other substances secreted by the bees.

Most important properties of propolis

The properties of propolis will vary slightly according to their botanical and geographical origin. Among the most outstanding properties, we name:

Antiseptic and healing properties: ideal for healing wounds, burns and sore throats
Anti-inflammatory and anaesthetic properties: Ideal for curing skin conditions, eczema…
Antiviral and bactericidal properties: Very suitable for the removal of warts and chilblains.
Thanks to its antiviral, bactericidal and antiseptic properties, propolis is widely used in the beauty and skin care industry.

Our high quality honeys

In El Cortijuelo de San Benito we have visited all our beekeepers, we have been in their facilities, tested their honeys and tested in the case of organic producers who meet government requirements, in order to offer the final customer the best and highest quality variety of honeys from different parts of Spain and Europe.

All the honeys we sell come directly from the beekeeper, without intermediaries and are high quality honeys.

In addition, here we offer you the greatest variety of honeys that you can find all together.

Organic or organic honey

With the increasing degradation of our planet and the increase in degenerative diseases, awareness of healthier living and care for the environment has become a reality for the world’s population. Lifestyles that are in harmony with our environment and take care of our health, with this aim in mind, organic food trends have emerged.

Honey bees, the species of bee that produces honey in larger quantities and allows easy commercialization, play a fundamental role in the pollination of crops and natural spaces around the world. Its spread throughout all territories and sometimes unprofessional care of them has caused local diseases in distant countries to spread. At present, honey bees cannot survive on their own, because they are attacked by numerous diseases and if it is not for the care of man, they will quickly disappear from the earth.

Honey bees must be treated and cared for every year, without proper treatment, their survival is impossible, even in the most unspoiled landscape on earth. This is where the difference between organic and conventional honey lies.

Organic honey uses only organic products, such as thymol. Conventional honey, on the other hand, can use chemical or pharmaceutical products.

Both organic and conventional honey beekeepers are controlled by government institutions, and there can be no chemical residue left in both.

From El Cortijuelo de San Benito we recommend our customers to focus more on whether the honey is raw or pure than on whether it is organic or not.


Where to buy raw or pure honey?

In our physical store specializing in honey from El Cortijuelo de San Benito located in Las Rozas de Madrid or in our online store you will find the best variety of raw, pure, organic and conventional honeys from Spain and Europe.

If you wish, they can be sent to your home in Spain or Europe.

Sources:

The english media BBC

Other Honeys