Effects of foods with saturated fat and sugar

grasas saturadas y sus efectos en nuestra salud

Do you really eat when you are hungry, or are you tempted to eat when you pass a fast food restaurant, with that crispy, tasty food that advertises and you see other people eating, or can’t you resist that precooked food and industrial baked goods you find in supermarkets, bakeries or other shops?

The multiplication of fast food restaurants and the sale of ready-to-drink or pre-cooked products in all population centres, together with the marketing and design techniques used to capture and direct our minds and induce compulsive shopping, are transforming Spanish society. A transformation that goes far beyond food: The Mediterranean diet with its olive oil and healthy lifestyle is being replaced by American lifestyle habits and a diet rich in saturated fats and sugars.

This lifestyle and way of eating is causing an epidemic in global society, affecting both adults and young people in all countries…. Although previously considered a problem that only affected industrialized countries, it has now spread to low- and middle-income countries as well.

This epidemic of overweight and obesity was previously associated by scientists and doctors only with cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. However, the scientific community is now also associating them with brain diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease and other types of cognitive impairment.

If you are worried about food, don’t miss our article Where to buy olive oil

Are saturated fats good or bad?

According to new research, children who eat a diet rich in saturated fat and it builds up in their body may have some kind of memory deficiency.

These conclusions are being drawn from several studies with laboratory mice, which are being subjected to a diet high in saturated fat and sugar. The results of these studies show that these mice that follow this diet suffer a weakening of their blood-brain barrier. The blood-brain barrier is a collection of cells, blood vessels, and the nervous system that prevent many toxic substances from entering the brain from the bloodstream, which can affect the brain.

To determine which parts of the brain were most susceptible to the effects of a weakening of the blood-brain barrier, a small amount of dye was injected into the bloodstream in these mice and then it was observed in which parts of the brain the dyes were deposited. In overweight rats, the dye was deposited in the hippocampus, a part of the brain responsible for learning and memory.

Another consequence of the accumulation of such substances was that the hippocampus became inflamed and its electrochemical activity changed. As a result, these rats suffered partial deficiencies in the use of their processed information in the hippocampus.

The question scientists ask themselves is, does this dysfunction of the hippocampus produce an alteration in our body’s ability to control the signals that indicate our satiety? Scientists think so. One of the functions of the hippocampus is to regulate the internal psychological signals that indicate whether or not we need to eat more food, satiety. Mice and people who have damaged their hippocampus seem to have difficulty using these signals. In addition, along with the presence of powerful propaganda campaigns that induce and direct us to eat, they can lead us to an overfeeding.

Furthermore, according to these results, this process can be a vicious cycle, which, if we eat a diet rich in saturated fats and sugar like the American diet, could create a dysfunction of the hippocampus, as a consequence, it should the signs that we are satiated. In addition, along with the external signs of propaganda and marketing which induce us to consume more foods rich in saturated fat and sugar, it would lead us to consume more products rich in fat and sugar, and this in turn would weaken the hippocampus further, creating this vicious cycle, and consuming more food again, until we develop obesity or overweight and other cognitive deficiencies.

Picture 1: Comparison of a diet high in saturated fat with a diet high in healthy fat, including olive oil

Should we follow a diet without saturated fat?

Not eating any food without saturated fat is not easy. Even extra virgin olive oil contains a small proportion of saturated fat. What we must do is abandon all food or industrial diet, which is rich in saturated fats and refined sugars, all of them providing us with a large amount of calories without any nutrients and as research shows, causing us many diseases.

In conclusion, what we can not abandon one of the healthiest diets in the world, the Mediterranean diet, rich in fish, vegetables, fruits and olive oil. In addition, the ideal is to replace most fats with extra virgin olive oil, which is proven by many scientific studies to be the healthiest of all.

From our shop in Las Rozas de Madrid we offer you the best selection of extra virgin olive oils in Spain: Baena, Sierra Magina, Sierra de Cazorla, Sierra Magina, Jaén, Priego de Córdoba, etc.

Sources:

The newspaper el país http://politica.elpais.com/

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